Cultivation of Algae for Oils

Algae can take many forms, including seaweed (macro-algae) and kelp. For oil production micro-algae are used similar to those that commonly grow in aquariums, lakes, rivers and ponds. Micro-algae are efficient biological factories that consume carbon dioxide and nutrients and convert these into natural oils through photosynthesis.

Most petroleum products are composed of decomposed algae and burning of petroleum products releases the CO2 sequestered by these algae hundreds of millions of years ago.